Python is a general-purpose interpreted, interactive, object-oriented, and high-level programming language. It was created by Guido van Rossum during 1985- 1990. Like Perl, Python source code is also available under the GNU General Public License (GPL).
Python is a MUST for students and working professionals to become a great Software Engineer specially when they are working in Web Development Domain.
Python is Interpreted − Python is processed at runtime by the interpreter. You do not need to compile your program before executing it. This is similar to PERL and PHP.
Python is Interactive − You can actually sit at a Python prompt and interact with the interpreter directly to write your programs.
Python is Object-Oriented − Python supports Object-Oriented style or technique of programming that encapsulates code within objects.
Python is a Beginner's Language − Python is a great language for the beginner-level programmers and supports the development of a wide range of applications from simple text processing to WWW browsers to games.
Projects for Beginners
Mad Libs Generator
One of the best ideas to start experimenting with Python projects is to start working on Mad Libs Generator. This is the perfect project for beginners who are just starting out with software development. This project teaches to manipulate user-inserted data as the Mad Libs refer to a series of inputs that a user enters. After all the inputs are entered the application takes all the data and arranges it to build a story template.
This project is an exciting fun game for beginners to build up. The program generates a random number from 1 to 10, or 1 to 100, or within any range that is specified and the user must guess the number after a hint from the computer. Every time a user chooses the wrong number, they are prompted with more hints to make it easier for them to guess the number but the score constantly keeps falling.
With this project, the programming or coding beginners will learn how to build a random password generator. They will collect data from the user on the number of passwords and their lengths and generate a collection of passwords with random characters.
Text-based Adventure Game
This is a basic version of the Adventure game. The game is completely text-based, where users can move about through different rooms within a single setting, and based on the user input, it will provide descriptions for each room. This is quite an interesting Python project that beginners can try out in 2022.
The core concept of creating this project is to use variables, random, integer, strings, char, input, and output, boolean. In the game, the users have to enter letter guesses, and each user will have a limited number of guesses. It is quite an interesting Python project that beginners can start their learning journeys with.
Binary Search Algorithm
As the name suggests, the project requires the participants to create a list of numbers between 0 to whatever range, the project developer would want to set, with every succeeding number having a difference of 2 between them. This project aims to teach beginners to write a program to search an element in the list.
This is one of the most convenient Python projects that beginners can attempt since it will have a lot of use in the future. The program will help them learn to acquire the username and domain name from an email address. They can even customize the application and send a message to the host of this information.
Python Website Blocker
While we search the internet, many unwanted websites keep popping up. This project might prove to be one of the useful ones that the participants can build that block certain websites from opening. It is highly beneficial for students who want to study without any social media distractions. Also, adding this project can help you gain extra rewards from your employer.
Spin a Yarn
Things can get more interesting since the strings are infinitely more complex to play with at the beginning. The program initially prompts the user to enter a series of inputs. These inputs can range from being an adjective, a preposition, a proper noun, and others. Once all the inputs are in place, they are placed in a premade story template using concatenation. After everything is done, the full story is printed out to read for the end-users.
Tic-Tac-Toe AI Project
Tic-Tac-Toe is a very popular game in the developer community. In a basic Tic-Tac-Toe game, there are various players in the command line. There the developers will learn how to work with Python’s time and math modules as well as get continued practice with nested if statements. In an AI project, the computer never losses the game. This project utilizes the minimax algorithm which is a recursive algorithm used for decision-making.
Applications of Python
As mentioned before, Python is one of the most widely used language over the web. I'm going to list few of them here:
Easy-to-learn − Python has few keywords, simple structure, and a clearly defined syntax. This allows the student to pick up the language quickly.
Easy-to-read − Python code is more clearly defined and visible to the eyes.
Easy-to-maintain − Python's source code is fairly easy-to-maintain.
A broad standard library − Python's bulk of the library is very portable and cross-platform compatible on UNIX, Windows, and Macintosh.
Interactive Mode − Python has support for an interactive mode which allows interactive testing and debugging of snippets of code.
Portable − Python can run on a wide variety of hardware platforms and has the same interface on all platforms.
Extendable − You can add low-level modules to the Python interpreter. These modules enable programmers to add to or customize their tools to be more efficient.
Databases − Python provides interfaces to all major commercial databases.
GUI Programming − Python supports GUI applications that can be created and ported to many system calls, libraries and windows systems, such as Windows MFC, Macintosh, and the X Window system of Unix.
Scalable − Python provides a better structure and support for large programs than shell scripting.
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