Active Directory Enumeration is a challenge for even some of the seasoned attackers and it is easy to miss some key components and lose the change to elevate that initial foothold that you might receive. In this article, we bring you methods that you can use to enumerate AD using PowerShell.
We have configured an Active Directory Lab that mimics a Real-Life Environment with a bunch of Users, Machines, and Vulnerabilities. In this Article/Demonstration, we are focused on our ability to Enumerate Information that can be then further be used to elevate privileges or be able to help with Lateral Movement. A tool by the name of PowerView was developed and integrated by Will Schroeder (a.k.a harmj0y). It soon became an integral toolkit to perform Active Directory Attacks and Enumeration. For this demonstration, we will assume that we have gained the initial foothold. Now we will use PowerShell with PowerView to enumerate the machine and the Domain. In case you run into difficulties running any of the commands depicted use the Official GitHub for the Installation Process.
In our Active Directory Lab Setup, we created 7 users with different roles and privileges. We can confirm this by Viewing the Active Directory Users and Computers as shown in the image.
This was to show and co-relate the information that we are about to enumerate using PowerShell. The attacker has transferred the PowerView to the Target System. To run the PowerShell Script on the System, the Execution Policy must be set to Bypass as shown in the image. Next, Importing the Modules from the PowerView Script. This was a one-time process. After this, the attacker can directly use the Modules to perform Enumeration. To get the Users that are active on the Network the attacker ran the following command.
Users that are enumerated are not just restricted to Usernames. Data collected consist of logoncount that can give an idea of an active or inactive user in the network. Next, there is a badpasswordtime which tells the last time and date that an attempt to log on was made with an invalid password on this account. Then a small description of the user with the names of groups that this particular user is part of. At last, it shows the date and time since the last password change. All this information is very important when the attacker is trying to learn about the User Behavior.
Similar Information is available for the users Yashika and Geet.
To get an abstract list of users created on the Network, Grab the Common Name by using the select command on the