It refers to the building, creating, and maintaining of websites. It includes aspects such as web design, web publishing, web programming, and database management. It is the creation of an application that works over the internet i.e. websites.
The word Web Development is made up of two words, that is:
Web: It refers to websites, web pages or anything that works over the internet.
Development: Building the application from scratch.
Web Development can be classified into two ways:
1. Frontend Development:
The part of a website that the user interacts directly is termed as front end. It is also referred to as the ‘client side’ of the application.
HTML: HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is used to design the front end portion of web pages using markup language. It acts as a skeleton for a website since it is used to make the structure of a website.
CSS: Cascading Style Sheets fondly referred to as CSS is a simply designed language intended to simplify the process of making web pages presentable. It is used to style our website.
Bootstrap: Bootstrap is a free and open-source tool collection for creating responsive websites and web applications. It is the most popular CSS framework for developing responsive, mobile-first websites. Nowadays, the websites are perfect for all the browsers (IE, Firefox, and Chrome) and for all sizes of screens (Desktop, Tablets, Phablets, and Phones).
2. Backend Development:
Backend is the server side of a website. It is the part of the website that users cannot see and interact. It is the portion of software that does not come in direct contact with the users. It is used to store and arrange data.
PHP: PHP is a server-side scripting language designed specifically for web development.
Java: Java is one of the most popular and widely used programming language. It is highly scalable.
Python: Python is a programming language that lets you work quickly and integrate systems more efficiently.
Back End Frameworks: The list of back end frameworks are: Express, Django, Rails, Laravel, Spring, etc.
Languages for Web Development
This free language is a great help for those programmers who are starting to get used to creating dynamic web pages and web applications due to its ease of understanding and compatibility with the static HTML language. In addition, it is a language that is closely related to the creation and maintenance of databases and of course supports WordPress, the CMS most used by web developers today to create their projects or manage their websites. Clients.
Another argument for this is that PHP has been constantly updated since its launch, identifying possible vulnerabilities that could affect Internet security.
However, despite its immense popularity, it is important not to stop updating the version of PHP you are working with as security issues can arise that affect the stability of a web page and leave doors open to cybercriminals.
Java is a programming language released to the market in 1995 by Sun Microsystems and has since become consolidated in the 21st century as the benchmark for web page creation. In fact, if you don’t have Java installed on your computer, you probably won’t be able to fully see the vast majority of the sites you visit today.
Java has been characterized as a language that allows the same program to run on multiple operating systems, execute code on remote systems, controls securely, and is also an easy-to-use language that does not hesitate to copy functions in your own software that perfectly work in other languages.
Usually, when you write in Java, you can create scalable programs that are relatively easy to maintain if the people in charge of the project have some experience, have a good command of the language, and know how to handle large-scale documentation.
Ruby is a programming language that offers dynamic writing and automatic garbage collection, meaning the software itself uses memory efficiently, freeing up space when it no longer makes sense to store everything inside the specified space.
The great advantage of Ruby is that it is very easy to read, but you have to be careful about making mistakes when programming, because any misspelled word can lead to very slow loading.
Ruby is commonly used for scripting on web servers, although it also has some popularity in the video game sector along with Python, as we’ll see below.
Python is another free language that doesn’t talk about the big difficulties of programming on any operating system, it is dynamic and used as a scripting language. It is also widely recognized in the tech sector because various services of the giant Google, such as YouTube, use Python, as many video games include some code written in Python in their programming.
But that’s not all: Sectors such as big data analytics and artificial intelligence are also using it to get actionable insights from big data and to improve the machines that make our lives easier.
It is an evolution of Java and the C ++ language that helps build robust and reliable applications over time by using Ruby-style garbage collection or exception handling to find out what errors occurred while executing a computer program.
C # is considered one of the must-have languages that every developer or programmer needs to know if they want projects to always be responsible. Despite some criticism based on the relationship between C # and the .NET Framework, it is a big advantage that learning and getting started programming in C # allows you to work on Windows, the most used operating system in the world, in addition to being able to take advantage of interoperability, which Microsoft created between Windows and the Xbox desktop console.
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