The Difference between CentOS and Ubuntu



CentOS vs Ubuntu are the two of the famous operating systems for the web servers in Software Operation Market. CentOS is basically based on the Linux framework and a Linux distribution to implement a free, community-supported computing platform that is compatible with the corresponding upstream source, Red Hat Linux. Ubuntu is basically an open-sourced and Linux distribution that is based on Debian. It is one of the popular operating systems for the cloud. It generally runs from the desktop to the cloud, to almost all the applicable internet-connected things.


What is CentOS?

Centos is based on Linux distribution, which provides the computing platform and functionally compatible with its upstream source. It was developed by the Red Hat Enterprise Linux as part of the Centos project. It was initially released in the year 2004. Centos becomes the most popular Linux distribution in 2010 for web servers but later on, in 2012 it again reduces its popularity as Debian retook its popularity again with adding new features. Centos gives the freedom to develop in a dominant and one of the best Linux distribution out there. Centos is highly customizable, secure and stable as well. It has quite a few security corporate level updates which make it is the best choice to use for each and every user. Centos uses the Red hat Yum, the update package manager as with help of which it handles the update automatically whenever the new software has been installed.


Pros

  1. It is based on a Linux framework

  2. It is very secured and less prone to any cyber threats

  3. It also provides administrative from the system admin support perspective

Cons

  1. It is not user friendly

  2. From the gaming and entertainment support perspective, it’s less compatible

  3. It normally doesn’t have that much support from the driver creation and storage management perspective

  4. From the technical support perspective, it is also a little bit on a lesser side than that of Ubuntu’s support.


What is Ubuntu?

Ubuntu was developed by Canonical Ltd, which is the Ubuntu community. It is free. It is available in more than 55 languages. It was initially released in the year 2004. Ubuntu has a rich set of package groups and features, which are able to meet any type of requirement for the project. Ubuntu is mainly popular for running web servers and it is used as most considerably another Linux distribution. It is the most popular among the top 1000 sites. It is being used in large scale deployments as well. It is highly secured and it supports full disk encryption as well as other encryption like the directories of home and private. Ubuntu has released its many or different variants in the market to use over the period of time for the desktop, server, and cloud.


Pros

  1. It is open-sourced and free of charge

  2. It provides lots of pre-installed software to the end-users for better customer experience.

  3. It provides driver allocation and user-specific storage management features to the end-users.

  4. It also provides external storage, USB ports, and the external drive supports

  5. It has large community support and extends tutorials from the user’s learning perspective

Cons

  1. It is little bit perceptive to the hardware faults and this sometimes makes it bit unstable

  2. Hardware support is also not to a very large extent and that sometimes creates doubts on end user’s minds

  3. In the case of Ubuntu, the security patches also do perform well but sometimes due to frequent updates, it is more prone to web threats.

  4. It normally doesn’t come installed in new age PCs and one needs to install it separately


Head To Head Comparison Between CentOS and Ubuntu (Infographics)

Below is the top 5 difference between CentOS vs Ubuntu



Key Differences Between CentOS and Ubuntu

Both are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major difference:

  1. CentOS is based on Linux framework and a Linux distribution to implement a free, community-supported computing platform that is compatible with the corresponding upstream source, Red hat Linux whereas Ubuntu is an open-sourced and Linux distribution that is based on Debian.

  2. From the system stability perspective, CentOS is more stable distribution than that of Ubuntu

  3. Ubuntu provides larger and extensive community support than that of CentOS

  4. From the learning perspective, Ubuntu has lots of tutorials and different extensive documentation for the basic knowledge purpose whereas in case of CentOS, due to a comparative smaller community and lesser documentation support, it becomes a little bit difficult to progress the learning curve.

  5. In the case of CentOS, the yum command can be used to download and RPM packages from the library whereas in case of Ubuntu DEB packages can be downloaded using an apt-get package manager.

  6. Ubuntu is less secure out of the box whereas centos are more secure out of the box

  7. Ubuntu is easier for beginners as it is having less learning curve. Centos is having a great learning curve and it is difficult to learn.

  8. Ubuntu is mainly used by those who require great and latest features available frequently. Centos is a good choice for them who do not want to have frequent updates in the system.

  9. Ubuntu is having larger and massive repositories because of its popularity and online community. Centos has limited and targeted repositories. It will take a lot of time to set up the desktop with Centos.

  10. Ubuntu always has newer packages whereas Centos does not have the new packages. It will maintain the old packages for the years.


CentOS vs Ubuntu Comparison Table

The primary comparison are discussed below:



Conclusion

After comparing CentOS vs Ubuntu over a range of factors, it can be concluded that the two major operating systems while setting up the webservers for application development but at the same point of time, each one has its own pros and cons. Thus, based on the type of project need, time of work and on all other different discussed aspects, any of these two should be selected to reach the desired goal.


Source: educba.com

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