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Open Source Software



In this article, we will see an outline on Open Source Software. It has been around for a very long time and people have a lot of ideas about it. But, just how realistic are these perceptions? Is open source software 100% free? Just how reliable is this software? Does open source software work well on a large scale? How wide is the range of this software available for users in today’s world? If these kinds of questions have been a closed book to you, welcome to the source of true knowledge about open source software right here.


Benefits of Open Source Software

The following are a list of the advantages of opting for this software.


1. Open source software is free

This is one of the most common misconceptions about the best open source software. This software is available for free, but there are costs to using it for a business or company. The most important consideration here the degree to which it is free to use. This is based on the size as well as a detailed complexity of the package.

The rule of the thumb is, the more detailed and intricate the CRM solutions, the more cash you will have to shell out for open source CRM. One needs to remember that open source CRM vendors sell more complete packages in addition to the free version. The real costs start to pile up when the need for support and customization incurs expenditure.


Consider that MySQLAB, an open source program database charges USD 5000 in a year for support or that Enterprise Linux comes at a cost of USD 2500 per annum for an license without limits.

Customization entails the cost of an in-house programmer or third party worker for any software.

OS and databases are big programs that require plenty of support. User-level, in these software lists it also involves the use of associated programs which require money for upkeep. So how did this misconception that open source application software is free arise? Well, 7-Zip and Joomla did not help matters and Virtual Machine Manager only added further to this. These are some of the few softwares which can be used without spending a single penny on the product. Pricing and distribution models can be understood if the very nature is considered. Open source means source code can be modified so you can take Joomla or Drupal and add the features or functionality your business wants. Red Hat’s source code is freely available which is how CentOS developed.


2. Open Source Software Linux


Linus Torvald came up with the revolutionary Linux, but to equate open software with just this is simplistic.

In an open and shut case, open source is more than just Linux even though many open source applications are written for it. Many software are written for Windows as well. Some are a blend of both Windows and Linux. Open source does not mean just Linux.


3. Open Source Software comes without Support

Contrary to this popular misconception, there is a lot of support for these softwares. It’s just that it works differently from support for commercial software. In fact, open source programs give you more options for support.



4. Open Source Software scores low on functionality

Advantages is that it is more than just a free package….it also exceeds the functionality of equivalent commercial software in many application categories.

Case 1: Apache is a leading Web server

Case 2: MySQL is a database utilized by many open source CRM programs and is popular database for other applications

Case 3: PostgreSQL works just as well as data base management systems from the likes of Microsoft

Image source: pixabay.com


Case closed! Most open source products are very popular for supporting large and sophisticated apps. CRM packages like SugarCRM are even aimed at business enterprises!


5. Open Source and Windows do not mix well

Microsoft has run a steady campaign aimed at promoting that open source like Linux is hard to combine with commercial software like Windows. This has perpetuated the myth that open source software and commercial software are like chalk and cheese. Plenty of open source software integrate smoothly with Windows and its many applications. It should be remembered that open source authors work just as hard as those designing commercial software. While it would be incorrect to say that integrating open source and Windows is a cakewalk, the proof of the pudding lies in demonstrating the same. There are some incompatibilities such as differences in data formats or other areas. But the union between Windows and open source is fairly simple to accomplish.

Image source: pixabay.com


6. It is more Safe and Secure

Just because it is an open source it does not mean the package is secure. It’s a common myth to think that hackers and viruses target only “popular” programs such as Windows. Consider the attack by Net newts on Firefox, an open source browser competing alongside Microsoft’s IE. You always have to guard your data, whether you are using open source or commercial software. Some attacks like Cross-Site Scripting can harm the AJAX architecture used by newer CRM programs regardless of whether an open source application has been used.


The benefit of these softwares however, is that the source code is distributed freely with apps and so anyone can fix a bug. These third party fixes are sometimes just as effective as those which the developers come up with. Commercial software leaves you trading blows with the software company, should a bug arise.

Image source: pixabay.com


7. It is not Scalable

This may have been true when it was still coming up. Now, open source applications are equivalent in terms of scalability with the commercial versions. An interesting fact about this software from Linux to CRM is that developers become more adept at fixing bugs and reworking the software for bigger enterprises as time advances. Large open source projects like Apache and Linux have been a hit with businesses as well as individual users. Developers within the open source community comprise the core team and additional experts who come to your rescue when you are facing glitches or you need a bug fixed. Open source translates into scalability in every sense of the term.


8. It is Tough to Use

Nothing could be further from the truth. Initially, these applications were definitely oriented towards programmers and administrators. But with time, the open source communities have developed making this form of software just as easy to install and opt for as best commercial programs. Interfaces between Open Office and Microsoft Office are just one example of open source software and how commercial have integrated seamlessly.


9. Open Source is a New Innovation

Open source software has been around forever. Open source was born with the advent of computer programming. During the 1960s sharing open source software was a given and early open source software development of ARPAnet was aided by such source code sharing.


10. Open Source Software is Developed by Students and Enthusiasts

Enthusiasts and students are not the only ones to develop this software. Developers and web administrators as well as advanced test authors have also contributed to the field. BCG found in a study that close to half of those participating in open source projects were professionals and many of these were system administrators, academicians or IT managers. People are actually paid by IT majors such as Sun and IBM to write open source code.




11. Open source is Low in Quality

This is one of the most common misconceptions people have about open source software. There many be as many bugs in open source as much as proprietary code, but the fact remains that there will be more developers in the case of the former on a debugging trail. Open source software is just as good, if not better than commercial software. Open source codes such as BIND are the crux of DNS while sendmail is the unseen hand behind most emails and Apache runs in over 65% of the web servers in the world. Open source software such as Linux have been conferred with accolades. As far as open source software is concerned, it is not a case of too many cooks spoiling the broth, but a united effort where diversity of developers working on the source code is a unique strength. Self organization and spontaneous problem solving play an important role in the quality control process of open source software.


12. No one gets paid to write open source software

Free software does not mean developers will not get paid to write it. Consider how many companies work on products which are distributed or sold for free? Income generated from selling the software may not equal its cost, but profit would come from other activities such as consulting, training, support, customized software and more.

Image source: pixabay.com


13. It opens the door to developers working for free

By making software open source, you will not get thousands of developers working for no cost on it. Only dozen core developers will perform the lion’s share of the work, while others will only be involved in fixing bugs! HP and Intel have reported a 5 or 6 is to 1 ratio of community to corporate developers for open source applications. Maintaining the infrastructure will not be for free either. Getting something for nothing is not how it works in the software ecosystem.


14. Open source software means you are giving up on the patent

Just because a company releases a source code does not in any imply that they do not have the patent for it. Company still owns the copyright because open source license only gives the opportunity to use the source code. It does not affect company’s ownership of the code. Source codes do not pass on automatically to public domain. Just because software is open source does not mean it is an open book as far as ownership is concerned. Under licenses such as Sun Community Source License, open source can be protected by patent much like any other software.


15. Open source community is an open community

Communities are just as closed as those devoted to commercial software and professionals plus developers in the open source community are as selective about the inclusion of new members as can be. Open source community does not imply an “open” community. Closing doors on entry or making it selective is one of the key characteristics of open source communities.


16. Open source software = Public Domain Software

Software in public domain is copyright free. Open source software does not automatically mean it is without restrictions. Some softwares such as SQLite, Blast, 12P and UnLicense are totally free. Open source software however is more restricted in the public domain. Some open source licenses even influence how certain apps are used, modified and redistributed based on requirements like copyrights.

Image source: pixabay.com


17. It is not reliable

Free does not mean poor quality control. Nor does it mean low reliability. In the software world, there is definitely something like a free lunch….or open source software that lets you access reliable applications at no cost whatsoever. Some of the most reliable open source softwares include Apache web server, BIND, PHP and more.


Conclusion

Opening the window to more robust systems, it has changed the way the world sees programming. Open-source software has supported commercial software and improved it in many ways. It is the gateway to a world of opportunities and has great potential to change the way people see software.


At least this time, perceptions will match reality in the virtual world. Expect the unexpected when it comes to open source software. The very nature of the software is a challenge to developers to develop better and smarter applications. Open to change, the source code can be modified to yield perfect results and work in a totally reliable manner. This is its biggest strength.


Source: educba.com

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