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How to create Custom SharePoint 2010 List Column using Visual Studio 2010

In this article we are going to create custom column using visual studio 2010.


Steps Involved:

Creating Empty SharePoint Project:

  • Open Visual Studio 2010.

  • Go to File => New => Project.

  • Select 2010 from the installed templates SharePoint and choose Empty SharePoint Project.

  • Name it as CustomColumn.


  • Click Add.

  • Enter the SharePoint server farm URL.

  • Select 'Deploy it as a Farm Solution".

  • Click Finish.

Adding an Empty Element:

  • Right click the Solution Explorer and select Add a new item.

  • Select Empty Element from the installed templates SharePoint and name it as CustomColumn.


  • Double click the Elements.xml file.


  • Replace the code with the below one.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <Elements xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sharepoint/">            <Field ID="{4678C6A2-F296-432C-A4CA-8C4D96DA6B46}" Name="CustomColumn" DisplayName="Custom Column" Type="Text" Group="Custom Columns">           </Field> </Elements>In the above code, we are adding a custom column with the Type "Text" and with the group name as "Custom Columns".


  • Build the solution.

  • Deploy the solution.


Testing:

  • Go to the SharePoint site.

  • Go to Site Actions => Site Settings =>Galleries =>Site Columns.


  • You will see the custom column that we have created in the group "Custom Columns".


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