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How to create custom SharePoint 2010 Content Type using Visual Studio 2010

In this article we are going to create custom Content Type using visual studio 2010.


Steps Involved:

Creating Empty SharePoint Project:

  • Open Visual Studio 2010. 

  • Go to File => New => Project. 

  • Select 2010 from the installed templates SharePoint and choose Empty SharePoint Project. 

  • Name it as CustomContentType.










  • Click Add. 

  • Enter the SharePoint server farm URL. 

  • Select 'Deploy it as a Farm Solution". 

  • Click Finish.


Adding Content Type:

  • Right click the Solution Explorer and select Add a new item. 

  • Select Content Type from the installed templates SharePoint and name it as CustomContentType.










  • Choose the base content type from which our custom content type should inherit, I have chosen "Item" as a base content type.










  • Double click the Elements.xml file.











  • Replace the code with the below one.

  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

  2. <Elements xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sharepoint/">

  3. <!-- Parent ContentType: Item (0x01) -->

  4. <ContentType ID="0x0100eb248db87d3f40efa20cdfae86fe0b50" Name="Custom Content Type" Group="Custom Content Types" Description="My Content Type" Inherits="TRUE" Version="0">

  5. <FieldRefs>

  6. </FieldRefs>

  7. </ContentType>

  8. </Elements>

  • In the above code, we are adding a Custom Content Type  with the group name as "Custom Content Types". 

  • Build the solution. 

  • Deploy the solution.


Testing:

  • Go to the SharePoint site. 

  • Go to Site Actions => Site Settings =>Galleries =>Site Content Types.

  • You will see the Custom Content Type that we have created in the group "Custom Content Types".


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