Updated: Jun 16
What is Java?
Java is a programming language that is cross-platform, general-purpose, class-based, and object-oriented. Even though Java was introduced 26 years ago, it is still as popular as ever: it ranked 5th in the rating of the most popular languages, according to a Stack Overflow Developer Survey.
Java works in quite an interesting way. You write a code, it is compiled to bytecode then, and Java Virtual Machine converts it, according to the requirements of different devices. Consequently, a developer needs only one code for different platforms.
Advantages of Java:
Simple programming language
Cheap and economical to maintain
Disadvantages of Java:
Memory consuming and slower than natively compiled languages
Slow and has a poor performance
No Unsigned Types
Does not provide so attractive look and feels of the GUI
Less machine interactive
What is .NET?
.NET is an open-source framework developed by Microsoft and is oriented to users of Microsoft products. When it was first introduced in 2002, the framework was used for Microsoft only. It means that you could not code or run developed applications on Linux, Android, or iOS. It was a close-source system as well.
In 2016, Microsoft introduced .NET Core which changed the position of the framework on the market. If many companies did not consider .NET because of its limited usage before, they started to include it in the discussions about the framework choice. It has become a good opponent for Java.
Advantages of .NET :
Multi-tiered software architecture
Great Caching System
Universal .NET Standard
Flexible Deployment and Easy Maintenance
Automatic monitoring in ASP.NET
Disadvantages of .NET:
Limited Object-Relational Support
Slower than Native Code
Migrating applications is expensive
Stability Issues for New Releases
The Difference: Java vs .NET
Java is an object-oriented and platform-independent high-level programming language.
.NET is a cross-platform, open-source software framework used for developing a software applications.
Java requires JVM (Java Virtual Machine) for execution means during runtime.
.NET requires CLR (Common Language Runtime) for execution means during runtime.
It supports multiple Operating Systems a third-party system.
It only supports Windows Operating System.
In Java JDBC (Java Data Base Connectivity) is used for the database connection.
In .NET ADO (ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) is used for database connection.
In Java, Coding is well-optimized, but the final code is long
In .NET, it has reusable components that speed up the coding process.
Eclipse, IntelliJ Idea, Oracle, NetBeans, and Oracle HDeveloper
Microsoft Visual Studio, Rider, MonoDevelop.
Web Service Support
When it comes to Java Vs .NET, there is no right or wrong choice. Both of these technologies have their positive and negative aspects. Either of the two can help you create feature-rich and dynamic enterprise apps. Choosing between Java vs. dot net depends upon the requirements of your website, available development resources, and the end-users.
To grow and excel in a competitive market, you will need both languages. You, as a business, can take advantage of the positive aspects of each resulting in high-performing websites and applications.
And to take advantage of both languages, you must get in touch with an expert web development company in India. Only an expert can help you develop an expert solution providing you with the best services you are looking for. Cheers!