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What is the difference between Data Science and Machine Learning?

Updated: Apr 23, 2023

Data Science

Data science is a multidisciplinary approach to extracting actionable insights from the large and ever-increasing volumes of data collected and created by today’s organizations. Data science encompasses preparing data for analysis and processing, performing advanced data analysis, and presenting the results to reveal patterns and enable stakeholders to draw informed conclusions.

Data Science involves the use of scientific methods, processes, algorithms, and systems to extract knowledge and insights from structured and unstructured data. It combines elements of statistics, mathematics, computer science, and domain expertise to analyze and interpret complex data sets.

Data Science involves various stages such as data preparation, data exploration, data modeling, and data visualization. The goal of Data Science is to uncover patterns, trends, and insights that can inform business decisions, improve operations, and drive innovation.


  1. Data Science is a field with numerous job options such as Data Scientists, Data Analysts, Research Analysts, Business Analysts, Analytics Managers, and Big Data Engineers. These career opportunities are in high demand and offer promising growth prospects.

  2. Businesses benefit from Data Science as it helps them understand consumer behavior and product demand, enabling them to optimize delivery and improve efficiency. This, in turn, leads to higher profits and better decision-making.

  3. Data Science jobs are highly paid, with an average annual salary of $106,000 for a Data Scientist. This is why it continues to be one of the most sought-after and lucrative career options.

  4. Data Science also benefits hiring teams as it simplifies the recruitment process. With Big Data and data mining, organizations can easily process and select the best candidates by analyzing their CVs, aptitude tests, and games.


  • The collection and use of personal data can be unethical or illegal and can violate privacy laws.

  • Data science tools and talent can be expensive, making it difficult for smaller organizations to compete.

  • Data analysis can be complex, requiring specialized skills and expertise.

  • Poor quality data can lead to inaccurate or incomplete analysis, resulting in flawed insights or decisions.

  • Interpretation of data can be subjective, leading to conflicting conclusions or misinterpretation of results.

Machine Learning

Machine Learning is a subset of Artificial Intelligence that involves the use of algorithms and statistical models to enable computer systems to learn from data and improve their performance on a specific task without being explicitly programmed. It involves the development of models that can identify patterns, relationships, and insights from data, and use them to make predictions or decisions.

Machine Learning models can be divided into three categories:

  1. Supervised learning,

  2. Unsupervised learning, and

  3. Reinforcement learning.

Supervised learning involves using labelled data to train models to make predictions or classifications.

Unsupervised learning involves identifying patterns and relationships in unlabeled data.

Reinforcement learning involves training models to make decisions based on a reward system.

Machine Learning is widely used in a variety of applications, such as image recognition, natural language processing, fraud detection, and recommendation systems.


  1. Machine Learning can find trends and patterns that humans can't. This is helpful for things like e-commerce, where it can suggest products to users based on their browsing history and purchase behavior.

  2. ML is automated, meaning it can make predictions and improve algorithms without human intervention. Examples include anti-virus software and spam filters.

  3. ML improves over time as it gains more experience, leading to better decisions. For example, a weather forecasting model becomes more accurate as it has more data.

  4. ML is good at handling multi-dimensional and multi-variety data in dynamic or uncertain environments.

  5. ML has a wide range of applications, from e-commerce to healthcare, and can provide personalized experiences to customers while targeting the right audience.


  1. Gathering high-quality and diverse data sets can be a challenge for Machine Learning. Sometimes, new data needs to be generated.

  2. Machine Learning requires significant time and resources to develop accurate algorithms. Additional computing power may be necessary.

  3. Accurately interpreting Machine Learning results can be challenging. Careful algorithm selection is critical.

  4. Machine Learning is autonomous, but errors can occur if biased or insufficient data sets are used. Detecting and correcting these errors can be time-consuming.

Difference between Data Science and Machine Learning

Data Science

Machine Learning

Data Science is a field of processes and systems to extract data from structured and semi-structured data.

Machine Learning is a field of study that gives computers the capability to learn without being explicitly programmed.

Need the entire analytics universe.

Combination of Machine and Data Science.

The branch that deals with data.

Machines utilize data science techniques to learn about the data.

Data in Data Science maybe or maybe not have evolved from a machine or mechanical process.

It uses various techniques like regression and supervised clustering.

Data Science as a broader term not only focuses on algorithms and statistics but also takes care of data processing.

But it is only focused on algorithm statistics.

It is a broad term for multiple disciplines.

It fits within data science.

Many operations of data science that is, data gathering, data cleaning, data manipulation, etc

It is three types: Unsupervised learning, Reinforcement learning, and Supervised learning.

Example: Netflix uses Data Science technology.

Example: Facebook uses Machine Learning technology.

Key Factors to Consider for Selecting Data Science or Machine Learning

When deciding whether to use Data Science or Machine Learning for a particular problem or project, there are several factors to consider. Here are some key factors to keep in mind:

  1. Problem type: The type of problem you are trying to solve can help determine which approach is best. For example, if you are trying to make predictions based on data, Machine Learning might be the best approach, whereas if you are trying to gain insights into a dataset, Data Science might be more appropriate.

  2. Data type and quality: The type and quality of data you are working with can also influence the choice between Data Science and Machine Learning. For example, if you have structured data that is well organized and labeled, Machine Learning might be the best approach. However, if you have unstructured data that requires cleaning and preprocessing, Data Science might be a better fit.

  3. Resources: The resources you have available, including time, money, and expertise, can also impact the choice between Data Science and Machine Learning. Machine Learning can require significant computing power and technical expertise, whereas Data Science can be more accessible and less resource-intensive.

  4. Goals: The goals of the project or problem can also influence the choice between Data Science and Machine Learning. If the goal is to extract insights from the data, Data Science might be the best approach. However, if the goal is to create a predictive model or make decisions based on data, Machine Learning might be more appropriate.

  5. Scalability: The scalability of the solution is also an important consideration. If the project requires a scalable and automated solution, Machine Learning might be the better option. However, if the project requires a more customized and flexible approach, Data Science might be the way to go.

The Tech Platform


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