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What is Cyber Insurance?

Cybersecurity Insurance is a contract that helps to reduce the financial risks associated with an online business. Companies that purchase cybersecurity insurance are considered early adopters. It is designed to help businesses hedge against the potentially devastating effects of cybercrimes such as malware, ransomware, distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, or any other method used to compromise a network and sensitive data. Also referred to as cyber risk insurance or cybersecurity insurance, these products are personalized to help a company mitigate specific risks.

There are two major types of cyber insurance coverage: third-party liability coverage and first-party coverage. You may choose to purchase either or both types of coverage.

  • First-party coverage protects your company when you incur expenses from a data breach or when your company is hacked.

  • Third-party coverage provides protection when a customer, vendor, partner, or other party sues you for allowing a data breach to occur.

Cyber liability coverage may spell out the types of incidents and damages they will pay for, such as “ransomware insurance” or “data loss insurance.”

What does Cyber Insurance cover and what does not cover?

Insurance for cybersecurity typically includes first-party coverage of losses incurred through data destruction, hacking, data extortion, and data theft. The main areas that cyber insurance covers include:

  1. Customer notifications: Enterprises are usually required to notify their customers of a data breach, especially if it involves the loss or theft of personally identifiable information (PII). Cyber insurance often helps businesses cover the cost of this process.

  2. Recovering personal identities: Cybersecurity insurance coverage helps organizations restore the personal identities of their affected customers.

  3. Data recovery: A cyber liability insurance policy usually enables businesses to pay for the recovery of any data compromised by an attack.

  4. System damage repair: The cost of repairing computer systems damaged by a cyberattack will also be covered by a cyber insurance policy.

  5. Ransom demands: Ransomware attacks often see attackers demand a fee from their victims to unlock or retrieve compromised data. Cyber insurance coverage can help organizations cover the costs of meeting such extortion demands.

  6. Attack remediation: A cyber insurance policy will help an enterprise pay for legal fees incurred through violating various privacy policies or regulations. It will also help them hire security or computer forensic experts who will enable them to remediate the attack or recover compromised data.

A cybersecurity insurance policy will often exclude issues that were preventable or caused by human error or negligence, such as:

  1. Poor security processes: If an attack occurred as a result of an organization having poor configuration management or ineffective security processes in place

  2. Prior breaches: Breaches or events that occurred before an organization purchased a policy

  3. Human error: Any cyberattack caused by human error by an organization’s employees

  4. Insider attacks: The loss or theft of data due to an insider attack, which means an employee was responsible for the incident

  5. Preexisting vulnerabilities: If an organization suffers a data breach as a result of failing to address or correct a previously known vulnerability

  6. Technology system improvements: Any costs related to improving technology systems, such as hardening applications and networks

How does it work?

Cyber insurance policies are sold by many of the same suppliers that provide related business insurance, such as E&O insurance, business liability insurance, and commercial property insurance. Most policies include first-party coverage, which applies to losses that directly impact a company, and third-party coverage, which applies to losses suffered by others from a cyber event or incident, based on their business relationship with that company.

Cyber insurance policies help cover the financial losses that result from cyber events and incidents. In addition, cyber-risk coverage helps with the costs associated with remediation, including payment for legal assistance, investigators, crisis communicators, and customer credits or refunds.

Advantages of Cyber Insurance:

  1. Improved standard of security. The work done by insurance companies could improve and redefine security standards.

  2. Financial incentives to improve IT security. Better insurance coverage at lower rates could become a possibility.

  3. Greater executive awareness. Recognizing the scope of cyber risks and the severity of their consequences could pave the way for much-needed security initiatives.

Disadvantages of Cyber Insurance:

  1. Smaller companies could stay behind. If a business operates with a more modest budget, they may not have the funds necessary for insurance. Compared to large corporations, they would have a disadvantage as a result.

  2. Increased burden of legislation. Lawmakers are not IT or cybersecurity experts. Their moves may not be accurate in addressing the risks involved.

  3. A false sense of security. After insuring themselves, businesses may not put in enough effort into developing policies and investing in their security.

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