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Best Python Web Development Frameworks and Libraries to Lean

Here is a list of some of the best Web development frameworks for Python developers. The list includes both full-stack frameworks and microframeworks, which allow you to choose the extension you want to build your web application.

1. Django

Django is a free, open-source, and full-stack Python framework. You can use Django to create your web application from ground zero. The key feature of Django is that it tries to provide all of the necessary features by default as opposed to offering them as separate libraries.

Django is an MVT web framework that is used to build web applications. The huge Django web-framework comes with so many “batteries included” that developers often get amazed as to how everything manages to work together. The principle behind adding so many batteries is to have common web functionalities in the framework itself instead of adding latter as a separate library.

One of the main reasons behind the popularity of Django framework is the huge Django community. The community is so huge that a separate website was devoted to it where developers from all corners developed third-party packages including authentication, authorization, full-fledged Django powered CMS systems, e-commerce add-ons and so on. There is a high probability that what you are trying to develop is already developed by somebody and you just need to pull that into your project.

2. Flask

Flask is another Python framework available under the BSD license. It is inspired by the Sinatra Ruby framework. Flask depends on the Werkzeug WSGI toolkit and the Jinja2 template. Flask is opposite to Django, while Django bundled everything you need in one package, the main idea behind Flask is to help build a solid web application foundation. From there, you can use any extensions that you might need.

Flask's lightweight and modular design make it easily adaptable to developers' needs. It includes a number of useful out-of-the-box features like a built-in development server and a fast debugger along with integrated support for unit testing.

3. Web2Py

Web2py is another popular, scalable, and open-source full-stack Python framework. There are many things to like about the Web2py framework like it comes with its own web-based IDE, which, among other things, includes a code editor, debugger, and one-click deployment. The downside of this web framework is that Web2py does not support Python 3, which is by far the most popular version of Python Programming language.

4. Pyramid

The Pyramid is also an open-source Python-based web development framework. Its main goal is to do as much as possible with minimum complexity. If you look at Mega frameworks, make decisions for you, but if you don't fit their viewpoint, you end up struggling with their choices. On the other hand, Microframeworks force no decisions, making it easy to start. But as your application grows, you're on your own.

The most striking feature of the Pyramid is its ability to work well with both small and large applications.

The Pyramid framework is like the best of both worlds, I mean from a mega framework like Django to Micro Framework like Flask and Cherry2Py.

5. Bottle

The Bottle is another Python micro-framework, which makes it easy to start. Initially meant for building APIs, Bottle implements everything in a single source file.

It has no dependencies apart from the Python Standard Library. Coding with Bottle gets you closer to the metal than coding with any full-stack framework. Its default features include routing, templating, utilities, and a basic abstraction over the WSGI standard.

Django is the best general-purpose, full-stack framework, and Flask is the best microframework that allows you to choose the extension you want.

The Tech Platform


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