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What are Robots. Its Types and Use.



A robot is the product of the robotics field, where programmable machines are built that can assist humans or mimic human actions. Robots were originally built to handle monotonous tasks (like building cars on an assembly line), but have since expanded well beyond their initial uses to perform tasks like fighting fires, cleaning homes and assisting with incredibly intricate surgeries. Each robot has a differing level of autonomy, ranging from human-controlled bots that carry out tasks that a human has full control over to fully-autonomous bots that perform tasks without any external influences.



1. Pre-Programmed Robots:

Pre-programmed robots are ones that have to be told ahead of time what to do, and then they simply execute that program. They cannot change their behavior while they are working, and no human is guiding their actions.




Example:

1. Industry: In Industry, there are pre-programmed robotic arms which are used to handle the automobiles. Pre- programmed robots are well programmed which can make small welding or spray paint with aesthetic precision. Today, in every industry we have robotic arms or simple robotic to make work more quick and easy.

2. In Medicine: In Medical science, we need high level of accuracy, For Example, if we want to use radiation to kill the tumors, we need robots which will deliver the radiation straight to the tumor. If done by humans, small mistake may end up killing someone.



Humanoid robots:

A humanoid robot is a robot with its body shape built to resemble the human body. The design may be for functional purposes, such as interacting with human tools and environments, for experimental purposes, such as the study of bipedal locomotion, or for other purposes. In general, humanoid robots have a torso, a head, two arms, and two legs, though some forms of humanoid robots may model only part of the body, for example, from the waist up. Some humanoid robots also have heads designed to replicate human facial features such as eyes and mouths.



Humanoid robots are used for research and space exploration, personal assistance and caregiving, education and entertainment, search and rescue, manufacturing and maintenance, public relations, and healthcare.


Autonomous robots:

Autonomous Robots are also called Auto-robot, that perform tasks with high degree of autonomy. These robots are mainly used in Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Information Engineering. These Robots are desirable in field like Spaceflight, House Maintenance , Waste Water Treatment and Delivering goods and services.



These robots are can be used for :

  1. Cleaning bots

  2. Lawn Trimming Bots

  3. Hospitality Bots

  4. Autonomous Drones

  5. Medical Assistant Bots


Teleoperated Robots:

Teleoperations, also called telerobotics, is the technical term for the remote control of a robot. In a telerobotic system, a human operator controls the movements of the robot from some distance away. Signals are sent to the robot to control it; other signals come back, telling the operator that the robot has followed the instructions. These control and return signals are called telemetry. Teleoperated robots are mostly used in medical surgeries and military operations




Augmenting Robots:

Augmenting robots generally enhance capabilities that a person already has or replace capabilities that a person has lost. Some examples of current augmenting robots are robotic prosthetic limbs or exoskeletons used to lift hefty weights.




Uses:

  • Helping fight forest fires

  • Working alongside humans in manufacturing plants (known as co-bots)

  • Robots that offer companionship to elderly individuals

  • Surgical assistants

  • Last-mile package and food order delivery

  • Autonomous household robots that carry out tasks like vacuuming and mowing the grass

  • Assisting with finding items and carrying them throughout warehouses

  • Used during search-and-rescue missions after natural disasters

  • Landmine detectors in war zones



The Tech Platform


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