Implementation of Quick Sort Algorithm in C:


# include <stdio.h>

// to swap two numbers
void swap(int* a, int* b)
{
    int t = *a;
    *a = *b;
    *b = t;
}

int partition (int arr[], int low, int high)
{
    int pivot = arr[high];  // selecting last element as pivot
    int i = (low - 1);  // index of smaller element
 
    for (int j = low; j <= high- 1; j++)
    {
        // If the current element is smaller than or equal to pivot
        if (arr[j] <= pivot)
        {
            i++;    // increment index of smaller element
            swap(&arr[i], &arr[j]);
        }
    }
    swap(&arr[i + 1], &arr[high]);
    return (i + 1);
}
/*  
    a[] is the array, p is starting index, that is 0, 
    and r is the last index of array.  
*/
void quicksort(int a[], int p, int r)    
{
    if(p < r)
    {
        int q;
        q = partition(a, p, r);
        quicksort(a, p, q-1);
        quicksort(a, q+1, r);
    }
}


// function to print the array
void printArray(int a[], int size)
{
    int i;
    for (i=0; i < size; i++)
    {
        printf("%d ", a[i]);
    }
    printf("\n");
}

int main()
{
    int arr[] = {9, 7, 5, 11, 12, 2, 14, 3, 10, 6};
    int n = sizeof(arr)/sizeof(arr[0]);
    
    // call quickSort function
    quicksort(arr, 0, n-1);
    
    printf("Sorted array: \n");
    printArray(arr, n);
    return 0;
}

Resource: Interviewbit.com


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